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Data Definitions

Attendance

A student is considered absent if he or she is not present for the entire school day. Partial days and late arrivals do not count as an absence.

College Enrollment

The proportion of graduates who enrolled directly in a four-year college in the fall following spring or summer high school graduation. Data on college enrollment come from the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC), which houses enrollment and graduation records for colleges throughout the United States. This does not include students who started in a 2-year college or delayed entry into a 4-year college.

College Graduation

We track graduation from 4-year colleges by considering students who enroll and graduate from college within 6 years.

College Persistence

The proportion of 4-year college enrollees who have been continuously enrolled in one or more four-year institutions for 2 consecutive years.

College Types

2-year college

A 2-year college is any post secondary institution that does not offer a Bachelor’s degree or higher. This may include certificate or Associates degree-granting institutions.

4-year college

A 4-year college is any post secondary institution that offers a Bachelor’s degree or higher.

Comparison Schools

Comparison schools have similar ninth grade students and geographic proximity. These are schools that are expected to have a similar high school graduation rate based on the characteristics their students had when they started high school that matter most for graduating high school. Comparison schools without data are not included in the comparison school average.

Core Courses

Core courses are English and Language Arts, Science, Math and Social Studies.

Bachelor’s Degree Attainment Index

The bachelor’s degree attainment index (Bachelor’s DAI) provides an estimate of the proportion of ninth-graders who will earn a four-year college degree within 10 years of beginning high school. The estimate takes into account students who take a direct path to a 4-year college and students who take alternative routes to a bachelors degree, either by delaying college entry or first enrolling in a two-year college. To calculate the Bachelor’s DAI, we use the most recent rates available. For the 2015 Bachelor’s DAI, we multiply the college enrollment rates for 2014 graduates. We then multiply these enrollment rates by the most recent six-year bachelor’s degree completion rate for each group of students, respectively. For the 2015 Bachelor’s DAI, we use the bachelor’s degree completion rates for 2008 CPS graduates. Finally, we multiply the most recent high school graduation rate by the sum of these products to reach the Bachelor’s DAI.

Bachelor’s Degree Attainment Index Unavailable

There is not enough data to calculate the Bachelor’s Degree Attainment Index, most likely because one or more of the factors is unavailable or suppressed.

GPA

Grade point averages (GPA) are calculated as the unweighted average of a student’s entire credit-bearing load. This includes non-core courses.

High School Graduation

The proportion of first-time freshman who graduate high school in four years. A student’s graduation is counted towards the graduation rate of the school where that student began and finished their first year in the school district. For example, a student that began 9th grade in high school A, but transferred to high school B in their second year, will be counted toward the first-time freshmen graduation rate of high school A, even if they graduate from high school B, or any other high school in the district. Students entering the district as second year or beyond will not be counted toward first-time freshmen graduation rates.

Institutional Graduation Rate

The proportion of full-time, first-time college freshmen who earned a bachelor’s degree within six years. Data on institutional graduation rates come from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), which is collected by the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics.

Insufficient Data for Degree Attainment Index

There is not enough data to calculate the Bachelor’s Degree Attainment Index, most likely because one or more of the factors is unavailable or suppressed.

Left School

Students who transfer outside of the district (both verified and unverified transfers).

Low Outcome

Fewer than 5 or 5 percent of students achieved the outcome, so data is suppressed in order to preserve student anonymity.

Missing On Track

Missing on track data refers to students missing course credit or grade data for one or more semesters. These are often students who transferred into this district from another district or were previously enrolled in a charter school.

N/A

An N/A label means that the data is unavailable.

Not Shown

Fewer than 10 students are in the subgroup, so data is suppressed in order to preserve student anonymity.

On Track

A student is on track if he or she fails no more than one semester of a core course and earns at least 5 credits by the end of freshman year.

Off Track

A student is off track if he or she fails more than one semester of a core course and earns fewer than 5 credits by the end of freshman year.

Qualification Groups

The College Qualifications Frameworks is based on 2006 research from the UChicago Consortium about the academic qualifications of students that make them likely to be accepted to colleges with different levels of selectivity. The framework breaks students into different subgroups based on their graduating GPA and ACT scores. Highly qualified students are likely to be accepted to selective and very selective 4-year colleges, moderately qualified students to somewhat selective and non-selective 4-year colleges, and minimally qualified students to 2-year colleges. The qualification subgroups enable schools to strategically analyze enrollment outcomes for students with different college choices.

Table showing how a Qualification determination results from Composite ACT Score and Unweighted GPA in Core Courses

Highly Qualified Students

Seniors whose GPA and ACT scores give them access to selective or very selective four-year colleges (based on Barron’s selectivity categories). [[MORE:qual_groups]]

Moderately Qualified Students

Seniors whose GPA and ACT scores give them access to somewhat selective or non-selective four-year colleges (based on Barron’s selectivity categories). [[MORE:qual_groups]]

Minimally Qualified Students

Seniors whose GPA and ACT scores only give them access to two-year colleges. [[MORE:qual_groups]]

Risk & Opportunity Groups

The Risk and Opportunity Framework is based on 2014 research from the UChicago Consortium about the 8th grade academic characteristics of students that make them likely to be on-track during their freshman year. The framework breaks students into different subgroups based on 8th grade attendance and grades. The subgroups enable schools to strategically analyze how their work is impacting the transition from 8th grade to high school.

Table showing how a Risk or Opportunity determination results from 8th Grade Attendance and 8th Grade Core GPA.

High Opportunity Students

Students whose 8th grade attainment means they should be very successful during their freshmen year. These students had at least a 95 percent attendance rate and a 3.0 GPA in eighth grade. [[MORE:opp_groups]]

Opportunity Students

Students whose 8th grade attainment means they should be successful during their freshmen year. These students had at least a 98 percent attendance rate and a 2.0 – 3.0 GPA or a 95 percent to 98 percent attendance rate and at least a 3.0 GPA in eighth grade. [[MORE:opp_groups]]

Vulnerable Students

Students whose 8th grade attainment means they are in danger of failing a class or falling off track during their freshmen year. During eighth grade, these students fell into one of the following groups: At least a 3.0 GPA and an attendance rate of 80 percent to 90 percent; GPA of 2.0-3.0 and an attendance rate of 90 percent to 95 percent; GPA of 1.0-2.0 and an attendance rate of at least 95 percent. [[MORE:opp_groups]]

High Risk Students

Students whose 8th grade attainment means they are at serious risk of being off track during their freshmen year. During eighth grade, these students fell into one of the following groups: GPA of 2.0-3.0 and an attendance rate less than 90 percent; GPA of 1.0-2.0 and an attendance rate of less than 95 percent; A GPA of 0.0-1.0. [[MORE:opp_groups]]

Students By Year

1st-Year Students

Students who enroll in high school for the first time and earn at least one-semester of grades.

2nd-Year Students

Students who have been in high school more than one and fewer than three years, regardless of whether or not they have enough credits to be counted as a 10th grader.

3rd-Year Students

Students who have been in high school more than two and fewer than four years, regardless of whether or not they have enough credits to be counted as a 11th grader.

4th-Year Students

Students who have been in high school more than three and fewer than five years, regardless of whether or not they have enough credits to be counted as a 12th grader.

5th-Year Students

Fifth-year students - Students who have been in high school more than four years.

Unexpected Value

An unexpected value was reported. This is an internal error.